Discrete Trial Training (DTT)
VB Training uses a structured and one on one type of teaching format. This training works to teach language to children by creating and developing connections between a word and its meaning. The following are a list of VB terma that are often used in ABA
Natural Environmental Training (NET)
Pivotal Response Training
PRT uses the natural environment for teaching opportunities and consequences. PRT focues on increasing motivation by adding items like having the child make choices/selections, taking turns, and providing reinforcement for attempts made.
Self - Management Training
Verbal Behavior (VB)
Video modeling uses repeated presentations of target behaviors so that there is not a lot of change between modeling the target behavior. Video modeling can assist individuals with working on social skills, learning self-help/hygeine tasks, understanding emotions, etc.
Pediatric ABA therapy for the children of the Ohio Valley
Self - Management training is used to help individuals increase their independence and generalization of skills without always requiring the help from a teacher or parent. This technique results in an individual being able to monitor their own behavior.
The individual is taught to self-evaluate their behaviors, keep track and monitor behaviors, and provide their own type of reinforcement.
DTT is one of the most known methods in ABA. Ivan Lovaas made it more popular in the late 1950's. It teaches a skill by breaking it up into simplified tasks/steps. By breaking down tasks into short trials and using prompts, DTT increases the overall success rate of learning. DTT uses clear beginnings and ends to each trial with specific instructions and prompts.
The trials are short, permitting several teaching trials and a number of learning opportunities to occur. In addition, 1:1 teaching allows for individualized programming.
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NET focuses on practicing and teaching skills within the situations that they would naturally happen. In these situations, the therapist uses naturally occuring opportunities to help children learn.
The therapist might provide a coloring page but withhold the crayons until the child requests them, giving the child an empty cup and waiting for him/her to request juice, or playing a board game but withholding the dice or spinner until the child requests it are all examples of using NET.
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