Discrete Trial Training (DTT)

VB Training uses a structured and one on one type of teaching format. This training works to teach language to children by creating and developing connections between a word and its meaning. The following are a list of VB terma that are often used in ABA


  • Echoic: When a speaker sys something aloud and the listener repeats exactly what was said. For example, the therapist says, "Ball Pit" and the child will repeat the same phrase, "Ball Pit" 
  • Mands(Manding): This can be thought of as a command or a demand, in which a person is commanding or demanding something. A mand typically results in the speaker obtaining the item that was spoken. For example, a child asking for a drink of water when he/she is thirsty and then receives the drink.
  • Tacts(Tacting): Think of this as labeling an object. When a child sees a dog and then verbally says the word "Dog", he/she is emitting a tact. Tacting usually involves our senses. Something we can see, hear, smell, etc. 
  • Intraverbals: These are similiar to a conversation: A question is first asked and then an answer is provided. For example, the therapist asks, "How are you?" and the child responds, "good!". Intraverbals can also involve filling in the blank. For example, the therapists says, "twinkle twinkle little_____" and the child responds with "Star".

Natural Environmental Training (NET)

Video Modeling

Pivotal Response Training 


PRT uses the natural environment for teaching opportunities and consequences. PRT focues on increasing motivation by adding items like having the child make choices/selections, taking turns, and providing reinforcement for attempts made.


Self - Management Training

Verbal Behavior (VB)

Types of ABA

Video modeling uses repeated presentations of target behaviors so that there is not a lot of change between modeling the target behavior.  Video modeling can assist individuals with working on social skills, learning self-help/hygeine tasks, understanding emotions, etc.

    Pediatric ABA therapy for the children of the Ohio Valley

Self - Management training is used to help individuals increase their independence and generalization of skills without always requiring the help from a teacher or parent. This technique results in an individual being able to monitor their own behavior.


The individual is taught to self-evaluate their behaviors, keep track and monitor behaviors, and provide their own type of reinforcement.


DTT is one of the most known methods in ABA. Ivan Lovaas made it more popular in the late 1950's. It teaches a skill by breaking it up into simplified tasks/steps. By breaking down tasks into short trials and using prompts, DTT increases the overall success rate of learning. DTT uses clear beginnings and ends to each trial with specific instructions and prompts.


The trials are short, permitting several teaching trials and a number of learning opportunities to occur. In addition, 1:1 teaching allows for individualized programming.


                    Information provided by North Shore Pediatric Therapy                             for more information, or videos, please visit  

www.ABAinfographic.com

NET focuses on practicing and teaching skills within the situations that they would naturally happen. In these situations, the therapist uses naturally occuring opportunities to help children learn.


The therapist might provide a coloring page but withhold the crayons until the child requests them, giving the child an empty cup and waiting for him/her to request juice, or playing a board game but withholding the dice or spinner until the child requests it are all examples of using NET.

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